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While fishing especially fly fishing it is always a good idea to wade in the water. This does come with the responsibility to check if the water is wadeable, for instance the bottom is within reach and not too rocky to make it dangerous. If the conditions are safe then wading does a number of things to help with your fly fishing and in this post we will discuss the benefits of breathable chest waders as well as other types of waders.
So why do we need waders anyway?
When fly fishing there are numerous hazards on the banking when casting therefore entering the water gives the angler the ability to avoid these. Waders will allow you to follow the river downstream through a pool or beat without having to move around trees or other hazards which takes time and can affect your catch rates.
The other benefit is that while fly fishing you need to cover trout to induce a take. Wading allows you to move about to cover these trout better especially in rivers where
wading out into the middle of the river will allow the fly to swim around in the current and sit on the dangle better for trout sitting mid stream.
The dangle is when the cast has completely swum around in the current to its holding position before the retrieve. This is only relevant in rivers because in still waters the cast will be straight out where you placed it and will not move very much.
Some people think wading will disturb trout and this is true if you are like a bull in the china shop but if you are careful and move stealthily trout will pass by very close to you. I have on many occasions been soaked by a trout that has jumped feet from me when I was in stealth mode.
What types of waders are available on the market today?
There are numerous types some with combinations of materials but the main ones are:
If we discuss the differences in these we find that PVC, nylon, rubber and neoprene can make you sweat, are usually heavy and have the boot connected to the wader so you have less options on grip. The cheaper PVC and nylon ones are usually very slippery on rocks and river moss and need great care taken when negotiating the river or lake side.
Some of the neoprene waders come with different boot grips and are not as slippery but can be very heavy in relation to the PVC or nylon. All four are fairly tough and take a bit of rough wear but care needs to be taken as leaks can still occur. Fixing such leaks is usually straightforward as a simple patch glued over the hole will suffice.
As these materials are all fairly stiff washing is not easy and they do become very smelly after a while. Life span with moderate wear and care could be up to 3 years.
The breathable chest wader option!
Breathable chest waders are much more expensive compared to the previous four types but do come with more benefits. They are made from breathable materials that allow body moisture to get away from the body to keep you dry longer.
This depends on your activity in the waders as running a marathon will have you soaking from sweat as you would expect. Some anglers used to complain about their waders leaking when in fact it was just the walk from the car to the river on a warm day was all it took to create a bit of a sweat. Then as they cooled they felt the dampness and put it down to leaks but when we checked the waders they were in fact waterproof.
Breathable chest waders are very light and allow you to fish so much longer as you are not carrying an awful lot of extra weight. They come with extra pockets and D rings for attaching equipment and some of the better ones usually have a waterproof inner pocket for your phone and car keys, etc.
You can easily wash them in a bath or large bucket but make sure you don’t use detergent as this will affect the waterproof system. In stead use warm clean water and gently wash them for a few minutes before rinsing in clean water.
Breathable chest waders might leak, primarily because the pores become blocked or affected by silt and dirt from the river. Washing in this fashion will remove the dirt, leaving the pores to breath freely again. As an additional cleaning stage you can wash your waders with MiraZyme to deodorize them and have them smelling fresh again.
The other great benefit of breathable chest waders is the ability to have a change of footwear. This prolongs the life of the wader as its usually the footwear that goes first when walking over rocky river beds for hours at a time. If your boots fail you can always replace them and your good to go again. This is much cheaper than having to replace the whole wader. With stocking foot waders there are a lot of different types of wading boot to go with them which we will discuss that in another post.
So how do breathable chest waders work?
A breathable chest wader allows the fabric to transfer water vapor away from the body. At the same time, its waterproofness prevents water droplets from actually penetrating the fabric.
Is it good, therefore, that water vapor is a lot smaller than water droplets. It can move easily through a mesh, while water cannot. This means you stay dry even when walking moderately. As stated earlier if you sweat too hard some of that vapor combines to form water droplets which now cannot leave the wader and is trapped in with you so you feel wet.
There are a few tests to see how waterproof a fabric is, one, the hydrostatic pressure is measured with a column of water 1cm2 pushing down on the fabric with a result of 1000mm being ample for a jacket for lite summer showers. Larger results are required for waders with Gore-Tex usually giving figures above 20,000mm.
Most waders now come built with layers with some of the most expensive having five or more layers built into them. These help keep the water vapor transfer from falling back into the body of the wader and against you. The extra layers can add to the weight and flexibility of the wader so there is a trade off however the top brands have made some great products that keep you dry and fishing all day.
Cons of breathable chest waders
The waders are very light and used in winter days they require a base layer to keep you warm. Although wader manufacturers have designed extra clothing to wear under waders which are very comfortable and do a great job in keeping you warm it does add to the cost so for someone starting out this can become very expensive.
I myself have been fishing in -6°C ( 21°F) with breathable chest waders, a pair of base layer leggings, a fleece bib and brace suit and didn’t feel any cold even though I was up to my waist in water. In fact the only part of me that was cold was my stripping finger as it was un-gloved. 🙂
Breathable chest waders are very easy to damage when knocked against thorns or rocks and extra care is required to keep them leak free.
When putting on breathable waders care has to be taken so you do not pull the stitching as this will also produce leaks. If you are in anyway un-flexible getting a pair of chest waders on can be difficult. There are options available that come with zips that go down the front and these help with this situation but I have heard of anglers going to relieve themselves and then forgetting to zip up again and getting waders full of water so be careful if you go for these. 🙂
Don’t forget to check out the post on breathable wader accessories there is more to using them that you might think.
- PVC, Rubber – Sweaty, heavy, inflexible, connected boot, slippery
- Neoprene – Sweaty, heavy, inflexible, connected boot, seams get damaged putting on
- Breathable – Cold in winter, easily damaged, seams get damaged putting on
- PVC, Rubber – Leaks easily repaired, tough
- Neoprene – Choice in boot grip available, tough
- Breathable – Lite, flexible, easily washed, leaks easily repaired, non-sweaty